24He put before them another parable: “The kingdom of heaven may be compared to someone who sowed good seed in his field; 25but while everybody was asleep, an enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat, and then went away. 26So when the plants came up and bore grain, then the weeds appeared as well. 27And the slaves of the householder came and said to him, ‘Master, did you not sow good seed in your field? Where, then, did these weeds come from?’ 28He answered, ‘An enemy has done this.’ The slaves said to him, ‘Then do you want us to go and gather them?’ 29But he replied, ‘No; for in gathering the weeds you would uproot the wheat along with them. 30Let both of them grow together until the harvest; and at harvest time I will tell the reapers, Collect the weeds first and bind them in bundles to be burned, but gather the wheat into my barn.’”
36Then he left the crowds and went into the house. And his disciples approached him, saying, “Explain to us the parable of the weeds of the field.” 37He answered, “The one who sows the good seed is the Son of Man; 38the field is the world, and the good seed are the children of the kingdom; the weeds are the children of the evil one, 39and the enemy who sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the age, and the reapers are angels. 40Just as the weeds are collected and burned up with fire, so will it be at the end of the age. 41The Son of Man will send his angels, and they will collect out of his kingdom all causes of sin and all evildoers, 42and they will throw them into the furnace of fire, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. 43Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Let anyone with ears listen! Matthew 13: 24-30, 36-43 (NRSV)
Last week’s gospel lesson was the parable of the sower; this week is the natural follow-up – the garden grows, and then there is a harvest. Of course the harvest is yet to come. God will someday invoke the expiration date on time, and we’ll be going home! But what about the weeds?
There are several questions that surface as we consider this parable of weeds:
Weeds are those persons who are not meant for the kingdom of God. Literally (according to verse 38b-39) they are the sons of the evil one, controlled by Satan himself.
Weeds are as common as crops and lawns – that’s where you will find them. All you have to do to see this truth validated is look at my front yard! The “weed” to which Jesus referred was darnel. Darnel is in every way a lookalike with wheat. It comes up with the wheat, has a head like wheat; it simply doesn’t have any kernel in it. It’s useless compared to the real wheat.
Now, if the problem of darnel is simply that it has no kernel, that’s not much of a consequential problem. But there’s much more – the darnel competes against the wheat for resources; it makes the wheat weaker. It doesn’t let wheat be the best wheat it can be.
In the case of the kingdom of God, weeds are not children of God – they only impersonate the real thing. They are Christian impersonations. In a church they come to worship, give money, pray – they even preach sometimes! But they’re empty on the inside; the Spirit is unknown to them. Which poses another question:
As with darnel, it’s hard to look at the weed and tell it from the real thing. But there is a test. Did you ever ask yourself that question – am I a weed? If you have, there’s a good chance you’re not. You see, a weed doesn’t have a spiritual clue. Spiritual things are not understood by people who have no spiritual connection with God.
This poses a further question:
Clearly, God will bring all the weeds under his judgment. In the Psalm reading this morning we heard how there is no place on earth (or in the universe) you can go to be exempt from God’s hand. His right hand (the strong one) holds you fast! This means God is in charge of every aspect of creation, and will bring it all under his righteous judgment. This is who God is; this is His promise. He will have an accounting – and we are all accountable; children of God as well as the weeds!
The kind of judgment is also pretty clear. Scripture says it ends with weeping and gnashing of teeth. Whatever that ultimately means, it sure doesn’t sound like a picnic! I would not recommend being a dandelion in God’s lawn!
One final question:
This is a real easy one – do nothing!
Now, before you get all self-righteous on me and begin to talk about how bad stuff is done by weeds, and how they’ve mistreated God’s people, let’s take stock. Do we really want to point fingers? What happens when you point at someone else? That’s right – one pointed at them; three pointed back at you. Weed-pulling is not Wesleyan, or Christian for that matter. Obedient servants don’t disobey the Master. In this case, the servants were told to just hold-off until the harvest was ready. Then the Master would make those decisions.
Now, if the field in which this wheat and weeds grows is God’s church, there are consequences very much in view for us today. When we get into trying to do God’s job for him, we wind up damaging the church. If you were listening closely to the Gospel reading, it says that God will separate the chaff (weeds) from the wheat. That is a job that’s way above our pay grade. You cannot be God.
But that doesn’t stop most of us from trying to do God’s job occasionally. Consider our church building as an example.
· The comfort system – Over 135 years ago we heated with wood stoves and cooled with Funeral home fans. Today it’s oil and a/c. Good?
· The windows – Back “once upon a time” the windows were clear and you could see someone sneaking out of church because she didn’t want to play piano. Today there are apostles and Jesus getting in the way. Good?
· The preachers – Along the way the conference has sent you bunches of preachers. At times you shared one with another church or two. Lately you have to put up with one all the time. All good?
· The parsonage – In the early days there was no parsonage…or it was elsewhere. In recent years it’s just over yonder. Many preachers have lived there. Not now. Good?
Any of these issues could serve to be a weed pulling contest. What’s the problem? When we tug on what seems so significant because we like this, but not that….we are uprooting real ministry, real wheat that could be growing. When you fuss over this, or complain about that you are pulling up what seem to be weeds to you, and in the process you’re destroying your own fruit crop. Negative attitudes and a lack of love destroy your credibility. How can you say you love people when you criticize the people that are here? If a visitor to our services discovered that we spent most of our time criticizing everything and anyone, would that person be likely to choose this church to worship?
So…do nothing of judgment about the weeds. But there are some things you can do for them. You can love the weeds, win the weeds with goodness and treat them with dignity. Some will be converted, many will reject Christ. But that is also not a decision for your pay grade!
Now, while you’re at the business of loving those weeds, make certain of your own life. God knows there are none of us who have a history that doesn’t include a bit of “weediness”. Everyone in this room has been the problem. We are all sinners – and that’s the problem weeds have!
Darnel wheat has no kernel of wheat at the top of its stalk….it’s empty-headed! That makes it much lighter than the real wheat. At harvest time, when the genuine wheat’s kernel is at its fullest maturity, the weight of the kernel will make the stalk bend over. It is then the farmer knows it’s ready. The darnel is easily separated from the crop, because it is standing high and proud with its empty head. Wheat bent low in humility; Weed standing tall in arrogance. Along comes the sickle – instant judgment!
So…the transformation – the good news is that we can bow low like the real wheat, in humility we give up that sin and God promises to fill our wheat stalk with a kernel of eternal life that is solid, substantive love.
Would you make that decision?
In the Name of the Father, Because of the Son, Cooperating with the Spirit…Amen!